- The trafficker uses
- Physical, sexual, and verbal abuse.
- Threats of abuse or death.
- Threats of violence or retaliation against the victim’s family members.
- The victim is forced to work while sick or injured.
- Victims were enslaved on a tomato farm.
- The victims were severely beaten, restrained, and locked in a truck.
- One of the traffickers left an inches-long scar across one victim’s torso.
Source: Beardsley, S. (2008, December 19). Brothers receive 12-year prison terms in Immokalee human slavery case. Naples Daily News. Retrieved October 11, 2017. Read More
- The trafficker
- Doesn’t allow the victim to go anywhere alone.
- Confiscates their identification and immigration documents.
- Doesn’t allow the victim to leave the job site and living area.
- Confiscates the victim’s phone or other forms of communication.
- Doesn’t allow the victim to learn English.
- Filipino immigrants were forced to work in hospitality services.
- Their passports were confiscated.
- The victims were not allowed to leave without a trafficker escorting them.
Source: CBS. (2010, December 12). Couple sentenced for human trafficking. CBS Miami. Retrieved October 11, 2017. Read More
- The trafficker
- Pays the victim little to no wages.
- Continually increases the victim’s debt.
- Forces the victim to pay back smuggling or recruitment fees.
- Deducts benefits (i.e., healthcare) from wages
- But the victim never receives the benefits.
- Laotian victims were forced into indentured servitude.
- The victims were forced to put the traffickers’ names on their bank accounts.
- Their documents were confiscated and they had to pay off $25,000 “debt” to get back.
- The traffickers threatened physical harm and deportation.
Source: Hacking, J. (2015, June 24). Midwest Immigration Attorney Explains Criminal Charges Filed in Immigrant Slavery Case. Retrieved November 15, 2017. Read More
- The trafficker
- Controls or restricts the victim’s access to food.
- Forces the victim to live in unsanitary, overcrowded conditions.
- Forces the victim to stay awake for long periods of time.
- Forces the victim to work long hours.
- Nigerian victims were forced to work as domestic servants.
- They were dependent on the trafficker for all their necessities.
- The trafficker beat them severely, forced them to sleep on the floor, to bathe with a bucket, and to eat spoiled food.
Source: Ford, D. (2011, June 13). Jury convicts Georgia woman of trafficking 2 Nigerian women. Retrieved November 03, 2017. Read More
Threatens Use of Law
- The trafficker threatens the victim with deportation or arrest.
- Deportation is seen by the victim as ultimate failure, or shameful.
- The victim is unable to provide for their family.
- The trafficker threatens to have the victim’s family arrested in the victim’s home country.
- The trafficker tells the victim they will be harmed by law enforcement.
- Vietnamese victims were forced to work in nail salons.
- The trafficker confiscated their documents.
- They were threatened with going to jail if they told anyone what was happening.
Source: McClure, J. (2010, February 16). York County human trafficking: ‘Three years of … long hours, often seven days a week, for no pay’. Retrieved November 17, 2017. Read More